Alpinia officinarum, known as lesser galangal, is a plant in the ginger family, cultivated in Southeast Asia. It originated in China, where its name ultimately derives. It can grow several feet high, with long leaves and reddish-white flowers. The rhizomes, known as galangal, are valued for their spicy flavor and aromatic scent. These are used throughout Asia in curries and perfumes and were previously used widely in Europe. They are also used as an herbal remedy.
Lesser galangal has often misled the name for Kaempferia galanga that is used in Indonesia, Malaysia, and other Southeast Asian countries.